First President of Indian Republic : Dr Rajendra Prasad (1950 – 1962)

First Vice President of Indian Republic : Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan

First Muslim President of India : Dr Zakir Hussain (1967– 1969

First Indian President to die in Office: Dr Zakir Hussain, 3 May 1969

First Temporary President of Constituent Assembly : Dr Sachchida Nand Sinha

First Prime Minister: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947–64). India held its first constitutional elections in 1952 after which he was re-elected.

First Deputy Prime Minister: Vallabhbhai Patel (1947– 1950)

First Prime minister of India, who resigned before the full term : Morarji Desai (1979)

First Law Minister of India: B. R. Ambedkar

First Chief Election Commissioner : Sukumar Sen

First Education Minister : Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

First Home Minister of India : Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

First Defence Minister of India : Baldev Singh

First Commander-in-Chief of Free India : General Sir Roy Bucher

First Indian Commander-in-Chief of Free India : General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa

First Chief of Air Staff : Air Marshal Sir Thomas Elmhirst

First Indian Chief of Staff : General Kodandera Madappa Cariappa

First Commander-in-Chief, IAF : Air Marshal Subroto Mukerjee

First Chief of Naval Staff : Vice Admiral R D Katari

First Person to get Param Vir Chakra : Major Som Nath Sharma

First Indian member of the Viceroy’s Executive Council :
SP Sinha

First Indian Pilot : JRD Tata (1929) 

First Indian to cross English Channel : Mihir Sen (1958)

First Indian to join the (Indian Civil Service) ICS :
Satyendranath Tagore (1863)

First Judge of International Court of Justice : Dr Nagendra Singh

First Chief Justice of India : Harilal Jekisundas Kania (26 January 1950 - 6 November 1951)

First Person to resign from the Central Cabinet : Shyama Prasad Mukherjee

First Speaker of Lok Sabha : Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar (15 May 1952 - 27 February 1956)

First Muslim President of Indian National Congress :
Badr-ur-din Tyabji

First Governor-General of India : Warren Hastings (1773 -85

First Indian to climb Mt. Everest : Avtar Singh Cheema (May 20, 1965)

First Indian to climb the Mt Everest without oxygen: Phu Dorjee (1984)

First man to introduce Printing Press in India : James Hicky

First Chinese Pilgrim to visit India : Fa-Hein

First American President to visit India : Dwight David Eisenhower

First Indian to get Bharat Ratna: Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, C. Rajagopalachari, and C. V. Raman in 1954

First Indian to get Padma Vibhushan: Satyendra Nath Bose, Nand Lal Bose, Zakir Hussain, Balasaheb Gangadhar Kher, Jigme Dorji Wangchuk, V. K. Krishna Menon in 1954

First Indian to get Nishan-e-Pakistan: Morarji Desai, 1990

First Indian to win the Noble prize : Rabindranath Tagore in 1913 

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Literature: Rabindranath Tagore in 1913. He was also the first Asian to win the prize.

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Physics: C. V. Raman in 1930.

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Medicine: Har Gobind Khorana in 1968 (US citizen of Indian origin)

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Economics: Amartya Sen in 1998

First Indian to get Nobel Prize in Chemistry: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan in 2009 (USA citizen of Indian origin)

First Indian to win Oscar for Lifetime Achievement :
Satyajit Ray

First Person to receive Jnanpith Award : G. Sankara Kurup

First Person to receive Magsaysay Award : Acharya Vinoba Bhave

First Person to receive Stalin Prize : Saif-ud-din Kitchew

First Indian Mr. Universe : Manohar Aich in 1952 

First Mr. International : Aryan Vaid in 2000

First Indian Formula One racer: Narain Karthikeyan

First Indian Chess Grandmaster : Viswanathan Anand (1988)

First Indian to go into space: Rakesh Sharma (April 2, 1984) 

First Person to reach the North Pole : Jagannathan Srinivasaraghavan 

First Person to reach the South Pole : Col Jatinder Kumar Bajaj (April 23, 1985) 

First Person to fly in a balloon and land in a parachute : 
Ram Chandra Chatterjee

First Indian to reach Antartica : Ramcharan

First Indian Space Tourist : Santosh George 

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